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What are the causes of periodontal diseases?

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The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque which is a sticky microbial film that constantly forms on teeth. Failure to remove this sticky film on a daily basis causes the disease process.Other factors that contribute to the disease process and affect your gum health include:

  • Smoking/Tobacco Use
  • Genetics
  • Poor Nutrition
  • Systemic Diseases like Diabetes
  • Stress
  • Medications such as oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and certain heart medicines
  • Pregnancy and Puberty
  • Grinding or Clenching your teeth